Fourth grade: What your child should know

No two kids are alike. It's OK for children to be at different levels. A child's unique differences should be welcomed and accepted. Also keep in mind, that a child's level of readiness in August will be very different from what it is in December, for example. It does, however, help to have a rough idea of which academic and social skills your child should acquire at his or her grade level.

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By the end of the year, you can expect your child to:

Math & Geometry & Measurement

Social Studies

Social studies curriculum in fourth grade includes history and geography. Fourth graders will usually study: world geography including maps, hemispheres, coordinates, mountains and scale. History, including your home state, the American Revolution, the Constitution, the Bill of Rights and the early presidents. Examples of topics are below.


Fourth-grade science curriculum depends on your school district but generally, fourth graders study electricity, geology, such as earthquakes and erosion, and the systems of the human body. Examples of topics are below.

Reading & Writing & Comprehension

What should a 1st grader know

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